How to accurately identify a person’s true identity and protect the personal identity information security has become an important social problem that must be solved in the current society. The biometric identification technology has been recognized for its unique identification methods. At the same time, as the number of people entering and exiting the country has increased geometrically and the composition of the personnel is complex and diverse, the traditional data management model has been difficult to meet the requirements for the management of massive numbers of entry and exit data. On the one hand, the contradiction between smuggling and anti-smuggling is getting worse, optimizing data evaluation and analysis, and innovating border inspection management is urgent; on the other hand, the global anti-terrorism situation is becoming more and more serious, quickly and accurately positioning, eliminating hidden dangers in advance, and ensuring the life and safety of people.
Biometrics are not as easy to remember and decipher like passwords, nor are they easy to be stolen and transferred, so people think that biometric identification is easier to reveal, easy to recognize, and easy to distinguish. Biometric recognition technology refers to a technology that recognizes the identity based on the inherent characteristics of the human body, that is, through the combination of computers and high-tech means such as optics, acoustics, biosensors, and biostatistics, and the use of inherent biological characteristics of the human body to achieve Personal identification.
At present, the biometric recognition technology used in border control mainly includes fingerprint recognition, palmprint recognition, face recognition, iris recognition or their comprehensive application. The use of biometric technology in border control not only improves the security of the documents, but also effectively reduces the forgery of the documents or prevents illegal use by others, and provides important information for the border inspection agencies to identify the authenticity of the documents and the identity of the holder. At the same time, it also creates conditions for more convenient immigration services such as self-service customs c